In other languages, the keyword
null is used to represent an absence of a value. It creates
difficulty in programming languages because it creates the possibility that our program might fail
when interacting with a variable/field.
Rust does not have
null, but it is not ignorant of the importance of representing nothing!
Consider a naive representation using a tool we already know.
This pattern of providing a
None alternative representation for one or many alternate values is so
common in Rust because of its lack of a
null value. Generic types help solve this challenge.